Annotation Type ClosureParams
@Target(PARAMETER) @Retention(RUNTIME) public @interface ClosureParamsParameter annotation aimed at helping IDEs or the static type checker to infer the parameter types of a closure. Without this annotation, a method signature may look like this:
public <T,R> List<R> doSomething(List<T> source, Closure<R> consumer)
The problem this annotation tries to solve is to define the expected parameter types of the consumer closure. The generics type defined in
Closure<R>correspond to the result type of the closure, but tell nothing about what the closure must accept as arguments.
There's no way in Java or Groovy to express the type signature of the expected closure call method from outside the closure itself, so we rely on an annotation here. Unfortunately, annotations also have limitations (like not being able to use generics placeholder as annotation values) that prevent us from expressing the type directly.
Additionally, closures are polymorphic. This means that a single closure can be used with different, valid, parameter signatures. A typical use case can be found when a closure accepts either a
Map.Entryor a (key,value) pair, like the
For those reasons, the
ClosureParamsannotation takes these arguments:
ClosureSignatureHinthint class that the compiler will use to infer the parameter types
ClosureSignatureConflictResolverresolver class that the compiler will use to potentially reduce ambiguities remaining after initial inference calculations
options(), a set of options that are passed to the hint when the type is inferred (and also available to the resolver)
As a result, the previous signature can be written like this:
public <T,R> List<R> doSomething(List<T> source, @ClosureParams(FirstParam.FirstGenericType.class) Closure<R> consumer)
Which uses thehint to tell that the only expected argument type corresponds to the type of the first generic argument type of the first method parameter.
FirstParam.FirstGenericTypefirst generic type of the first argument
java.lang.Class<? extends ClosureSignatureHint> value
java.lang.Class<? extends ClosureSignatureConflictResolver> conflictResolutionStrategy